Modern types of stained glass windows
Sandblasting stained glass
A type of stained glass, which is a group of glasses made in one technique related to sandblasting, and united by a common compositional and semantic idea, as well as the arrangement in sections of frames.
Mosaic stained glass
Stacked stained glass, as a rule, ornamental, having a geometric structure; It may resemble a mosaic with a module of smalt approximately the same size. The mosaic set was used as a background, but can be used independently. As modules for a mosaic set, molded figured details of complex relief, cabochons, polished inserts, etc. are often used.
Painted stained glass
A stained glass window in which all (or almost all) of the glass is painted, regardless of whether the picture is painted on the whole glass or it is assembled into a frame of painted fragments. Insignificant patches of faceted, faceted, pressed glass are possible.
Etched stained-glass window
A stained-glass window is a group of glasses made in one technique, related to the etching technique and united by a common compositional and semantic idea, as well as the arrangement in sections of frames.
Lead soldering (soldering) stained glass
A classic technique of stained glass that appeared in the Middle Ages and served as the basis for all other techniques. This is a stained glass window assembled from pieces of glass in a lead frame, sealed in the joints. Glasses can be colored and painted with paint from low-melting glass and metal oxides, which is further fired in specially arranged furnaces. The paint is firmly fused into the glass base, making up a whole with it.
Combined stained glass
Stained glass, combining several techniques, for example: painted medallion and mosaic technique set, facet glazing as the background. In the old days, such combinations were achieved by fitting ready-made, often purchased stained glass windows to a wider window opening, when the missing parts were simply delivered, giving this glazing a look of ornament. The combined stained glass window is very popular today: it allows you to achieve a wealth of textures, optical effects, decorative saturation when creating abstract compositions, when solving complex imaginative tasks, creating an atmosphere built on contrasts.
A cabochon
A cabochon is a relief figured insert in a stained glass window, mostly transparent, often pressed or cast (molded) into a form that looks like a drop of water or a glass button. The stained glass cabochon can be a hemisphere or a slightly flattened hemisphere with a rim for mounting in a frame, as well as a more complex shape.
The Frost pattern
A glass texture obtained by applying wood glue or gelatin (fish glue is also suitable) on a pre-sandblasted, scratched, pickled or abraded surface. This technique uses the property of drying glue to decrease in volume. Hot glue flows and eats into the roughness of the surface, respectively, and as it dries, it begins to bounce, pulling out thin plates of glass. It turns out the texture, its pattern resembling frost patterns on the window.
Wineglass tiles
A decorative piece specially made for stained glass assembly in the form of a flat circle with characteristic radial striae (irregularities in glass formed by rotation in the manufacturing process). The technology of manufacturing is the same as in the production of glass tiles (pyatakov) - a circular plane on which the glass is placed. Outwardly, the part of the leg of the glass and the detail of the stained glass are almost the same.
Transparency (transparent or transparent glass)
Translucent glass, transparent painting on glass, perceived by the light. Transparent painting is, as a rule, painting with unburned compounds, for example, pigment with some kind of binder, oil or tempera painting.